What is Collagen Hydrolyzed?
Collagen is one of the many types of protein found in skin, bone, joints, muscles and internal organs. It is necessary for the proper functioning of connective tissues.
Those with nutritional imbalances or who follow extreme diets may want to consider the supplement. Athletes who run long distances, perform weight-bearing exercises or enjoy mountain climbing also stand to benefit because of collagen's joint support.
The body's natural ability to produce collagen and maintain hydration of the cells is significantly diminished after age 25.
Hydrolyzed collagen provides additional amounts of amino acids like glycine, lysine, and proline, which are specifically needed by the body to support connective tissue structure and maintain healthy cell function.
The amino acid content of hydrolyzed collagen is the same as collagen: 20 amino acids, including 8 out of 9 essential amino acids (Wikipedia) (lacking tryptophan). It is characterized by the predominance of glycine, proline and hydroxyproline, which makes up around half of the total amino acid content. Glycine and proline concentrations are 10 to 20 times higher than in other proteins.
Hydrolyzed collagen is made from type I collagen (the most abundant in the human body) by an enzymatic hydrolysis process.
Hydrolyzed collagen is the end result of the process of breaking down bone and cartilage into small components, collectively referred to as gelatin. It is mainly extracted from bovine, chicken and fish sources.
The calcium content and natural bonds in the collagen are broken down by soaking in hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide. Once the process is complete, the remaining powder is reconstituted into gelatin (the same substance used in making capsules for medication).
Why do we need Hydrolyzed Collagen?
Many people have insufficient levels of the amino acids needed to make collagen due to poor food choices. Hydrolyzed collagen provides a bioavailable form of collagen that is readily processed by the body.
Up to 30 percent of all the protein in the human body is collagen, including up to 70 percent of the proteins in connective tissues. Collagen is made by specialized cells in the skin, ligaments, bones and cartilage. Collagen hydrolyzed provides additional amounts of the amino acids glycine and glutamine. Glycine assists in detoxification and glutamine is crucial in helping the cells increase their levels of the energy storage molecule creatine.
Fibrous protein in hydrolyzed collagen is broken down into short chains of amino acids (called peptides [Wikipedia]). When taken internally, peptides are further broken apart into free amino acids, the building blocks for protein.
Hydrolyzed collagen is used in nutritional supplements to support healthy skin and muscle. Although taken as a protein supplement, it should not replace protein found in foods such as fish, beef, poultry and whey protein because it has insufficient amounts of cysteine and methionine. In conjunction with a balanced diet and exercise regimen it can significantly improve muscular development, healthy skin and joint flexibility.
Taken as a food supplement, collagen hydrolyzed provides the proper ratios of amino acids needed for collagen production.
Hydrolyzed collagen contains naturally-occurring glucosamine and
Synonyms for Collagen Hydrolyzed
Hydrolyzed Collagen, collagen hydrolysate, collagen peptide, gelatine, gelatine hydrolysate and hydrolyzed gelatine.
References & Further Research
Wikipedia: Hydrolyzed Collagen
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