What is Hydrolyzed Collagen?
Collagen is one of the many types of protein found in skin, bone, joints, muscles, and internal organs. It is necessary for the proper functioning of connective tissues. Several amino acids form collagen strands, including glycine, proline, and hydroxyproline. Applying heat to collagen causes it to break apart in a process known as denaturation. Gelatin is the byproduct of collagen denaturation, whereas hydrolyzed collagen is the result of hydrolysis. Hydrolysis uses water to separate collagen strands into peptides, which feature often in dermatology, cosmetics, skincare, food products, and pharmaceuticals.
Gelatin and collagen have many commonalities; however, gelatin is harder to absorb as it hardens into a solid gel when cooled. It’s also only soluble in hot water, whereas hydrolyzed collagen dissolves in hot or cold water. Hydrolyzed collagen is also less likely to lose its efficacy compared to gelatin. Hydrolysis doesn’t rely on high heat like denaturation does, making it less likely to cause heat damage.
Hydrolyzed collagen also sustains its nutrient profile. It provides 19 of the 20 naturally occurring amino acids, including eight of the nine essential amino acids. The only amino acid hydrolyzed collagen is missing is tryptophan. It’s particularly rich in the amino acids proline and glycine and provides 10-20 times more of these amino acids compared to other proteins.
Why Do We Need Hydrolyzed Collagen?
The body's natural ability to produce collagen and maintain cell hydration diminishes significantly after the age of 25. Many people also have insufficient levels of the amino acids needed to make collagen due to dietary choices. Hydrolyzed collagen provides a bioavailable form of collagen that is readily processed by the body. Up to 30 percent of all the protein in the human body is collagen, including up to 70 percent of the proteins in connective tissues. Collagen peptides are essential for maintaining joint function, skin elasticity, and muscle growth.
Hydrolyzed collagen supplement powder is a good source of protein, however, it should not replace protein found in foods such as fish, beef, poultry, and whey protein because it is not a complete protein. In addition to missing the essential amino acid tryptophan, it has insufficient amounts of cysteine and methionine.
Hydrolyzed collagen contains naturally occurring glucosamine and hyaluronic acid. The glucosamine supports connective tissue repair, while the hyaluronic acid increases hydration and volume in connective tissues.
Potential Collagen Powder Benefits
Potential Collagen Benefits for Skin
Skin elasticity, durability, and hydration all rely on collagen. However, collagen production diminishes rapidly starting at age 25. Excess sun exposure also inhibits collagen synthesis. Hydrolyzed collagen supplements can help attenuate these effects for healthier, more youthful-looking skin. It also promotes hyaluronic acid synthesis, which also plays a role in the appearance of skin. In addition, research shows that hydrolyzed collagen enhances skin elasticity, boosts hydration, and improves the appearance of wrinkles compared to placebos.
Collagen for Weight Loss and Muscle Growth
Collagen supplements may support weight loss efforts and enhance lean muscle growth. Collagen is a good source of protein. It takes the body longer to digest protein than other nutrients, which helps individuals feel fuller for longer after eating meals. Collagen also stimulates satiety hormones. Collagen supports muscle growth by boosting creatine levels, which provides much needed energy to muscles during workouts. Collagen is also critical for joint flexibility and mobility while exercising.
Collagen Supplements for Joint Health
Collagen helps protect joints against injuries by maintaining the strength and integrity of cartilage and tendons. A plethora of scientific research has found that hydrolyzed collagen supplements reduce joint stiffness, pain, and damage. Collagen supplements help repair and rebuild cartilage, which stimulates additional natural collagen synthesis. Collagen also has anti-inflammatory properties. Hydrolyzed collagen is a popular long-term approach to supporting joint health thanks to its well-researched safety profile.
Types of Collagens
Researchers have discovered 28 types of collagens. However, the most commonly occurring are types I – IV, with
type I accounting for 90% of all the collagen in the human body.
Collagen type I: Type I is the most abundant collagen in humans. It’s found in skin, hair,
nails, bones, ligaments, and tendons.
Collagen type II: Type II collagen provides joint support and is found in elastic cartilage. It
may be easier for the body to absorb type II than type I, as it isn’t as densely packed.
Collagen type III: Type III is the second most common collagen that occurs naturally in humans.
It plays a role in blood clotting and wound healing. It’s found in muscles, organs, arteries, and blood vessels.
Collagen type IV: Type IV collagen is found in the skin that helps form the basement membrane
zone (BMZ). The BMZ protects tissues from mechanical stress, such as bending, compression, shear, tension, and
Food with Collagen
Most collagen supplements come from bovine, chicken, or fish sources. However, numerous foods contain collagen.
- Fish with skin
- Shellfish, particularly oysters
- Bone broth
- Meats, such as beef and chicken
All collagen-rich foods come from animal sources. However, spirulina is rich in the amino acids
the body needs to synthesize collagen, and it’s vegan- and vegetarian-friendly.
What is the Best Collagen Supplement?
PureBulk carries several forms of collagen supplements. The best collagen supplement depends on the individual’s
Marine collagen is a type I collagen. It helps repair muscle tissue, support
cartilage health, and promote wound healing.
Chicken collagen is a
type II collagen and is a good supplement to support joint health.
Bovine collagen provides
type I and type III collagen. It helps strengthen bones and tendons. It also improves skin elasticity and
reduces the appearance of wrinkles.
Potential Side Effects of Collagen Hydrolyzed
No side effects or toxicity from hydrolyzed collagen or adverse interactions with food or medications have been reported by the FDA. Some individuals may experience feelings of fullness or heartburn while taking collagen supplements.
External use of hydrolyzed collagen is generally considered safe. Those with sensitive skin may experience a condition known as contact dermatitis. If itching, swelling or a rash develops, immediately discontinue the use of the product. Pregnant women should consult with a medical doctor before supplementing their diet with collagen.
Purity and Concentration of Collagen Hydrolyzed
This pharmaceutical grade hydrolyzed collagen contains no fillers, additives, or anti-caking agents. It is assayed to contain at least 90% protein.
How Should I Store It?
Store hydrolyzed collagen powder in a cool, dry area protected from light. Reseal after each use.
Bioavailability, Mixing, and Solubility of Collagen Hydrolyzed
Hydrolyzed collagen powder works best when taken on an empty stomach. It can be taken with juice or warm tea. The body absorbs it faster when it's not consumed with fluids containing other proteins or amino acids. Hydrolyzed collagen has high bioavailability, and the body absorbs it rapidly from the intestinal tract.
Synonyms for Collagen Hydrolyzed
Hydrolyzed Collagen, collagen hydrolysate, collagen peptide, gelatine, gelatine hydrolysate, and hydrolyzed gelatine.
References & Further Research
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