What is Calcium Gluconate?
Calcium gluconate is a calcium salt produced by mixing calcium carbonate with gluconic acid. Medical
professionals administer it intravenously to lower dangerously high potassium levels in the blood. As an oral
supplement, calcium gluconate can increase low calcium levels. Calcium is an essential nutrient that plays a
role in maintaining several bodily systems, including circulation, digestion, nerve function, and muscle
contraction. Calcium is critical for forming and maintaining strong bones and teeth.
Gluconic acid is a natural component found in honey, fruit, and wine. The food and beverage industry uses it to
regulate acidity. It’s a neutral carrier for calcium ions, allowing calcium to act as an electrolyte.
Electrolytes help balance fluids for proper hydration and provide the electrical charges needed to contract
Calcium Deficiency Symptoms
Eating calcium-rich foods like cheese, milk, and yogurt can help meet the body’s nutritional needs. Several
factors can increase the risk of developing a calcium deficiency. These include:
- Lactose intolerance
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Following a vegan diet
If individuals don’t obtain enough calcium from their diet, the body will leech it from bones and teeth. Calcium
deficiency symptoms increase in severity the longer the body goes without adequate calcium stores. Calcium
deficiency symptoms include:
- Weak, fracture-prone bones
- Weak or brittle teeth
- Brittle or broken nails
- Dry skin
- Diminished hair growth
- Muscle aches, cramps, or spasms
- Severe PMS symptoms
Potential Calcium Gluconate Benefits
Calcium for Bones
Consuming a calcium-rich diet can support long-term bone and tooth health. The body’s calcium needs increase with
age to sustain bone mineral density and bone strength while inhibiting bone loss. Research shows that taking
calcium with vitamin D reduces the risk of bone fractures in the elderly. The body needs to absorb calcium, and
vitamin D deficiencies are a common signal of an impending calcium deficiency.
Calcium and Kidney Stones
Individuals with too much calcium in their urine have an increased risk of developing kidney stones, as many are made up of calcium and oxalate. Calcium citrate
is the best calcium supplement for individuals prone to kidney stones. Citrates inhibit calcium and oxalates from binding and forming stones.
Potential Calcium Gluconate Side Effects
Most individuals can take calcium gluconate supplements, as calcium is an essential mineral for life. Some
individuals may experience mild gastrointestinal side effects, such as burping, gas, constipation, or upset
stomach. Calcium supplements may interfere with the absorption of tetracycline and quinolone antibiotics.
Individuals with hypercalcemia, low phosphorous levels, sarcoidosis, decreased kidney function, or kidney stones
should not take calcium gluconate.
Resources and References
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