What is Vitamin E (Acid Succinate)?
Vitamin E is a collective term that describes a group of eight fat-soluble antioxidant compounds called
tocopherols and tocotrienols. Tocopherols are potent antioxidants, while tocotrienols support brain and heart
health. Tocopherols are more common than tocotrienols in dietary sources of vitamin E. Tocopherols are also
superior to tocotrienols when it comes to addressing vitamin E deficiencies. Some foods rich in alpha-tocopherol
include wheat germ oil, sunflower seeds, sunflower oil, almonds, almond oil, and several other nuts and nut oils.
Scientists discovered vitamin E in 1922 and isolated it in 1935. By 1938, they could synthesize this essential
vitamin, and it became the first commercially available antioxidant compound. Researchers discovered animals need
vitamin E for fertilized eggs to result in live births. They initially named it tocopherol, which comes from the
Greek words for birth, bear, or carry.
Acid Succinate is a powdered Vitamin E supplement that contains an ester form of d-alpha tocopherol combined with
succinic acid. Vitamin E supplements prefixed with “d” are natural forms of vitamin E, such as d-alpha tocopheryl
succinate and d-alpha
tocopheryl acetate. In contrast, synthetic Vitamin E supplements have a “dl” prefix.
Potential Vitamin E Supplement Benefits
Vitamin E as an Antioxidant
Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that reduces oxidative stress and enhances the defenses of other
antioxidants. It also provides neuroprotective effects against damaging free radicals. Oxidative stress and free
radicals damage cells and increase the risk of developing several ailments. Vitamin E also supports the immune
system and reduces inflammation.
Vitamin E Benefits for Hair
Early research shows that vitamin E may be beneficial for men and women experiencing hair loss. One study found
that vitamin E increased hair count by 34% in the test group compared to 0.1% in the placebo group. A potential
mechanism is vitamin E’s ability to reduce oxidative stress, which is often elevated in individuals struggling
with hair loss. More research is needed, but the initial results are promising.
Vitamin E Supplement Synergy
Vitamin E goes well with several supplements.
- Vitamin E pairs well with CoQ10, another potent
antioxidant. CoQ10 is fat-soluble, and taking it with vitamin E may improve its absorption. Taking vitamin E
with CoQ10 produces significant anti-inflammatory effects. Vitamin E also helps sustain CoQ10 levels during
- Vitamin E and vitamin C boost antioxidant
defenses. Vitamin C helps restore vitamin E after it donates a hydrogen molecule to scavenge free radicals.
Rapidly recycling vitamin E allows it to resume its antioxidant activities faster.
- Vitamin E has a similar synergy with Alpha Lipoic Acid
(ALA) as it does with vitamin C. ALA recycles vitamin E to provide even greater heart health support when
Potential Vitamin E Side Effects
Most individuals can take vitamin E supplements without experiencing side effects. However, exceeding the
Tolerable Upper Intake Level established by the NIH can cause serious health concerns. Vitamin E may interact with
niacin and anticoagulant medications. Consult with a physician before taking vitamin E supplements.
Tested by Accredited 3rd Party Labs
PureBulk's supplements are tested by accredited third party labs in the USA to ensure their identity, purity, and
potency. To receive a copy of these test results or any other PureBulk supplement please fill out the COA request form found here.
*NOTE: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not
intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.