What is Biotin 1%?
Biotin 1% is a blended product of biotin and mannitol, with biotin acting as the potent and essential vitamin B7.
Biotin is necessary for the physiological processes of all organisms and plants. It can only be synthesized by bacteria, yeasts, molds, algae and some plants. It is of great importance for the biochemistry of the human organism because it is directly involved in carbon dioxide transfer and therefore essential to the metabolism of carbohydrates and fat.
Known as vitamin B7 as well as vitamin H and Coenzyme R, biotin works as a part of the B vitamin complex ( Wikipedia). to break down and utilize food for energy.
As a water-soluble vitamin, biotin helps in the synthesis of fatty acids, amino acids and glucose. Biotin is also utilized to manufacture intracellular carboxylase enzymes, making it essential for the normal growth and health of skin and hair. Biotin is needed for healthy bone marrow, blood cells and nerve tissue.
In the body, biotin is found in low levels in the brain, liver and muscle tissue. The body also synthesizes small amounts of biotin in the intestines via bacteria, which may be absorbed and contribute to daily needs.
A properly balanced diet can provide sufficient amounts of biotin. Typically found in liver, egg yolk, cereals, legumes and nuts, biotin can be characterized as relatively stable in heat, light and oxygen. However, food-processing techniques such as high heat can destroy biotin. As a result, less-processed versions of fresh foods will yield more biotin and subsequent health benefits.
The primary role of biotin lies in its ability to metabolize fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Biotin works as a vital part of several enzymes (where it functions as a coenzyme) involved in energy metabolism. Aside from helping in synthesis processes, biotin also helps the body utilize blood sugar (glucose) for its energy needs.
Symptoms of biotin deficiency include hair loss, red scaly rash around the eyes, nose, mouth, and genitals. Neurological symptoms of biotin deficiency may also include depression, lethargy, hallucinations, and numbness of the extremities. The characteristic facial rash is referred to as the "biotin deficient face" by some clinical practitioners.
Biotin deficiency can actually be induced in humans by consistently feeding them raw egg whites, which contain a protein that binds to biotin and prevents its absorption. Long-term antibiotic use can interfere with biotin production in the intestine and increase the risk of deficiency symptoms. Long-term use of anti-seizure medications may also lead to biotin deficiency.
Purity and Concentration of Biotin
This pharmaceutical grade vitamin Biotin 1% is a blended product of approximately 1% Biotin USP and 99% Mannitol. Store it in a cool, dry, dark place.
Potential Side Effects of Biotin
Symptoms, problems, toxicity and side effects of biotin overuse are very rare. As with other water soluble B-vitamins, excess biotin is excreted in the urine.
Bioavailability, Mixing and Solubility of Biotin 1%
Biotin 1% has a pleasantly sweet taste due to the carrier, mannitol ( a low calorie sugar substitute). Completely water soluble, it dissolves easily in water, juice, coffee, or your own favorite!
Biotin works best when combined with B vitamins.
References & Further Research
University of Maryland Medical Center: Vitamin H (Biotin)
Linus Pauling Institute: Biotin
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