Exploring the Different Types of PureBulk Minerals

February 08, 2024

Exploring the Different Types of PureBulk Minerals

The human body needs dietary minerals to support numerous functions. They provide essential support for the intricate machinery of our bodies, such as fortifying bone structure, influencing muscle and nerve activity, and regulating the body's water balance. Minerals are also integral components of hormones, enzymes, and other biologically active compounds that participate in the immune system. Dietary mineral imbalances increase our susceptibility to infections and developing chronic illnesses. While a well-rounded diet can provide these much-needed minerals, certain groups have a higher risk of developing deficiencies. These include individuals with chronic illnesses, older adults, vegetarians, vegans, pregnant women, and athletes following restricted diets. Dietary minerals fall into two categories: macrominerals and trace minerals. [1 - 5]

What are Macrominerals?

Macrominerals are the minerals the body requires in relatively large amounts to carry out fundamental physiological functions—typically more than 100mg per day. These include calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfur. They are critical for the health and performance of vital organs and tissues such as bones, muscles, the heart, and the brain. For instance, calcium is crucial for bone strength, phosphorus contributes to energy metabolism in muscles, magnesium participates in nerve function, and sodium and potassium are critical for heart and muscle contractions. PureBulk carries all the essential macrominerals as standalone products or mineral blends. [6]

Macromineral Health Benefits

What are Trace Minerals?

Trace minerals, except for chromium, are components of the enzymes, hormones, and other molecules involved in various metabolic processes. Despite needing them in smaller quantities compared to macrominerals, trace minerals are indispensable for maintaining good health. They contribute to functions such as immune system support, antioxidant activity, and forming certain proteins and enzymes.

Trace Mineral Health Benefits

  • Copper. Involved in forming connective tissues, iron metabolism, and antioxidant defense. Copper deficiencies can cause issues with connective tissue, resulting in problems with blood vessels and bones. It can also cause anemia due to difficulties in using iron properly and potential dysfunction in certain aspects of the central nervous system. [29 - 31]
  • Iodine. Necessary for synthesizing thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolism. Iodine is also crucial for proper brain, bone, muscle, and reproductive organ development. Iodine deficiency is a global health concern, particularly in regions where the soil lacks sufficient iodine to infuse foods. It is the leading preventable cause of brain damage globally. Many countries add iodine to table salt (iodized salt) in a coordinated, international effort to prevent deficiencies. [32 - 35]
  • Iron. Essential for forming hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to tissues. Iron deficiency is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide. The body struggles to produce enough healthy red blood cells without sufficient iron, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, paleness, and difficulty concentrating. Prolonged iron deficiencies can cause anemia. Children, women of childbearing age, pregnant women, frequent blood donors, and individuals with specific medical conditions are most at risk of developing iron deficiencies. [36 - 38]
  • Manganese. Contributes to bone formation, blood clotting, and antioxidant enzyme activity. It also activates enzymes that metabolize amino acids, carbohydrates, and cholesterol. These metabolic pathways are fundamental for energy production, protein synthesis, and maintaining lipid balance in the body. [39 - 41]
  • Molybdenum. Helps metabolize certain amino acids and forms sulfite oxidase enzymes. Sulfite oxidase is essential to break down and utilize sulfur-containing amino acids like cysteine and methionine. It also helps prevent toxic sulfite buildup. [42 - 44]
  • Selenium. Acts as an antioxidant and is essential for thyroid hormones to function properly. It is a component of selenoproteins like glutathione peroxidase enzymes. These enzymes protect cells from oxidative damage by neutralizing reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid hydroperoxides. [45 - 48]
  • Zinc. A critical player in immune function, wound healing, and DNA synthesis. More than 300 enzymes in the body require zinc to function. Several studies show that taking zinc supplements shortly after the onset of the common cold can reduce the severity of symptoms and duration. Zinc deficiencies are a common problem that affects around 2 billion people worldwide. PureBulk carries seven zinc supplements: zinc picolinate 20%, zinc ascorbate, zinc bis-glycinate, zinc gluconate, zinc l-aspartate (USA), zinc oxide, and zinc sulfate monohydrate. [49 - 58]

Debated Essential Minerals

  • Chromium. Aids in glucose and fat metabolism and may enhance insulin activity and function.
  • Fluoride. Supports dental health by promoting tooth enamel strength and resistance to decay.

Chromium’s essentiality is a hot debate topic among researchers, scientists, and experts in the fields of nutrition, biochemistry, and medicine. Studies show that chromium benefits individuals with insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes, while others question chromium’s significance in the general population. As such, the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has not set the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for chromium. However, many nutrition experts still recognize its importance in metabolic processes and continue to classify it as an essential trace mineral. [59, 60]

Like chromium, some do not consider fluoride an essential trace mineral as humans don’t need it to sustain physiological functions. However, others argue that it's crucial for preventing chronic dental diseases, making it essential. The nutritional science field is dynamic, and research findings may influence the understanding of chromium and fluoride essentiality over time. [61 - 63]

PureBulk Multivitamin

PureBulk carries a multivitamin that contains the essential minerals calcium, phosphorus, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, and zinc. It also includes vitamin A, vitamin D3, vitamin E, thiamine (vitamin B1), vitamin C, riboflavin (vitamin B2), biotin (vitamin B7), niacin (vitamin B3), folic acid (vitamin B9), pyridoxine (vitamin B6), cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12), pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), and choline (a nutrient similar to b vitamins).

References and Research

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8840645
  2. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23568713
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7469053
  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6212925
  5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7483688
  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9932710
  7. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/calcium
  8. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Calcium-HealthProfessional
  9. https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/calcium
  10. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/sodium
  11. https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/chloridehttps://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/chloridehttps://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/chloride
  12. http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=5776http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=5776http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=5776
  13. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Magnesium-HealthProfessional
  14. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/magnesium
  15. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/phosphorus
  16. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Phosphorus-HealthProfessional
  17. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/potassium
  18. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Potassium-HealthProfessional
  19. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27455317
  20. https://nap.nationalacademies.org/read/10925/chapter/7
  21. https://nap.nationalacademies.org/read/10925/chapter/8
  22. https://nap.nationalacademies.org/read/10925/chapter/9
  23. https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/nursing-and-health-professions/sulfur
  24. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781416022992100040
  25. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4540061
  26. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5855430
  27. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34112351
  28. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7503525
  29. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK222312
  30. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15559027
  31. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2506379
  32. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK222323
  33. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/iodine
  34. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23472655
  35. http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/micronutrients/iodine_deficiency/9789241595827/en
  36. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/iron
  37. https://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/micronutrient-malnutrition/index.html
  38. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK222309
  39. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK222332
  40. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/manganese
  41. http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309072794http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309072794http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309072794
  42. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK222301
  43. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/molybdenum
  44. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25314640
  45. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Selenium-Consumer
  46. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/selenium
  47. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22381456
  48. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Selenium-HealthProfessional
  49. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/zinc
  50. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25260885
  51. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Zinc-HealthProfessional
  52. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10801957
  53. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK222317
  54. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34728441
  55. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28515951
  56. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21769305
  57. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22566526
  58. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18279051
  59. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9380836
  60. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK222329
  61. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9614319
  62. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/minerals/fluoride
  63. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0039914014006420

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